Radiological Features of TB in HIV Co-infected Patients

28 April 2020

This case book, Radiological Features of TB in HIV Co-infected Patients, edited by Professor Kogie Naidoo, Head of CAPRISA’s HIV&TB treatment research and Dr Kamlesh Daji, a diagnostic radiologist, describes and discusses varied radiological manifestations of TB among HIV-infected patients using available routine chest radiographs. 

Improvement in clinicians’ knowledge of typical and atypical features of TB, will improve TB case identification, timeous TB treatment initiation and better health out-comes in settings endemic to TB and HIV, explained Naidoo.  

 She said that ‘the last decade has witnessed enormous advances in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of TB’. “ Despite this, TB remains the leading cause of death from an infectious disease globally, and the leading cause of death from any cause in South Africa. Poor identification, and delayed diagnosis of TB remain the main contributors of ongoing high levels of TB transmission and TB-associated morbidity and mortality.  

The handbook, initiated by the KwaZulu-Natal Department of Health clinician, Dr Yeney Graza Fernandez, will serve as a quick reference guide to frontline clinicians grappling with interpreting varied radiologic features of TB in HIV. Naidoo said that the first 1,500 copies of the book will be made freely available to front-line clinicians, and will be distributed through existing training networks of district training co-ordinators, regional training centres, and support partners throughout the country.